how to set up a home wireless network

Having a home network is amazing! However, if not properly installed can be really frustrating.
Frustrating slow internet speed when other family members are logged on, signal dropping around the house and neighbors tapping into your network are a common occurrence if your wireless network is not set up properly. Setting up a wireless network the right way can help you avoid all these problems.
To start with there are three important components that make up a complete wireless home network.

  1. Modem– This is the small box, that allows you connect to the internet. It has 3 connection ports for power, ethernet, and coaxial ( or phone). However, some come with a USB port for additional connections.
  2. Wireless router– The function of the wireless router is to transmit internet signal from the modem around the home wirelessly.
  3. The wireless device (computer)– As opposed to other wireless devices ( phones, tablets, and consoles) it is best to hard wire the computer to the wireless router with an ethernet cable.

Steps in setting up a wireless home network.

Connect the modem and router

Step 1 – connect the coaxial cable ( or phone cable for DSL modems) from the power source (wall socket) to the modem.
Step 2 – connect an ethernet cable from the modem to the WAN jack on the router.

Power on modem then the router

Step 3 – connect the power cable from the power source (wall socket) to the modem ( it takes few minutes for the modem to start up fully). On the modem is an internet light which turns on to indicate it’s online.
Step 4 – connect the router to the power source ( wait for a minute or 2 until it is fully powered on). Most routers have an internet light which turns on once it’s online. ( endeavor to check the product manual to find out the meaning of each light on your product brand).

Connect computer and log in to the router

Connect your PC to the router with the aid of an ethernet cable. Most computers have just one port for an ethernet cable. Connect the ethernet cable to any of the 4 jacks labeled LAN on the router.
After a minute or two, test your internet connection by entering a URL ( yahoo for this tutorial). If properly installed you will be directed to the yahoo home page. If you were not able to access the yahoo home page, I suggest you repeat the step in powering the modem and router (step 3 and 4). If after which you are still unable to connect to the yahoo home page, I advise you consult your internet service provider for help.

Customizing the network to get the best out of it.

If your router came with a setup disk you can use it to complete the setup. However, if it did not, you can follow the procedures below.

Update firmware

If your router is not operating on the most recent version, update to the most recent version to fix glitches and get the latest features. Some routers come with an automatic option that allows it check, download, and install new updates when available. If yours is without an automatic option, you will need to download the latest version from the manufacturer’s website and save on your PC. Once downloaded use the router to browse and select the file. Once the update starts, allow it to complete without interruption so as not to ruin the router.

Set up wireless name (SSID)

Select a name for your wireless network. Remember that it is visible to the general public, so avoid names that will sound offensive to anyone.

Set up wireless security (password)

It’s important to secure your wireless network to avoid unwanted guests from using up your bandwidth and to protect yourself from people checking on your online activity and accessing important data. When looking for security type on your router screen, look for WPA2 or WPA-AES and select as the security type (WPA2 or WPA -AES is highly recommended because it’s almost impossible to hack). Then choose a very hard to predict password (should be between 8 and 63 characters, and should include upper and lower case letters and numbers).


At this points I will like to congratulate you on successfully setting up your home wireless network, Enjoy your internet connection without worrying about connection downtime, neighbors stealing information, or tapping into your bandwidth.


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